Publications and Presentations


  • Sun LS, Li G, DiMaggio CJ, Byrne M, Rauh V, Brooks-Gunn J, Kakavouli A, Wood AJ. Co-Investigators of the PANDA Research Network: Anesthesia and neurodevelopment in children: Time for an answer? Anesthesiology 109(5):757-61, 2008.
  • Patel P, Sun LS: Update on neonatal anesthetic neurotoxicity: insight into molecular mechanisms and relevance to humans. Anesthesiology; 110(4):703-8, 2009.
  • DiMaggio CJ, Sun LS, Kakavouli A, Byrne MW, Li G: A retrospective cohort study of the association of anesthesia and hernia repair surgery with behavioral and developmental disorders in young children. J Neuro Surg Anesthesia; 21:286-291, 2009.
  • Sun LS, and PANDA Study Co-investigators: Early childhood anesthesia exposure and neurocognitive development. Br J Anesthesia 105 Supp 1:161-8, 2010.
  • Sun LS: Labor analgesia and the developing human brain. Anesth Analg 112(6):1265-7, 2011.
  • DiMaggio CJ, Sun LS, and Li G: Early Childhood Exposure to Anesthesia and Risk of Development and Behavioral Disorders in a Sibling Birth Cohort. Anesth Analg 113(5): 1143-51, 2011.
  • Ing C, DiMaggio C, Whitehouse A, Hegarty MK, Brady J, von Ungern-Sternberg BS, Davidson A, Wood AJ, Li G, Sun LS. Long-term differences in language and cognitive function after childhood exposure to anesthesia. Pediatrics 130: e476 -85, 2012.
  • Sun LS, Li G, DiMaggio CJ, Ing C, Miller T, Bellinger DC, Han S, McGowan FX, Byrne MW. Feasibility and Pilot Study of the Pediatric Anesthesia NeuroDevelopment Assessment (PANDA) Project. J Neurosurg Anesth 24: 382-388, 2012.
  • Miller TK, Park R, Sun LS. Report of the third PANDA symposium on “Anesthesia and Neurodevelopment in Children”. J Neurosurg Anesth 2012 24:357-361, 2012.
  • Mintz CD, Wagner M, Loepke AW. Preclinical research into the effects of anesthetics on the developing brain: promises and pitfalls. J Neurosurg Anesth 24:362-7, 2012.
  • DiMaggio CJ, Sun LS, Ing C, Li G. Pediatric anesthesia and neurodevelopmental impairments: a Bayesian meta-analysis. J Neurosurg Anesth 24:376-381, 2012.
  • Hache M, Kazim R. Invited lectures related to patient-centered outcomes research. J Neurosurg Anesth 24:389-90, 2012.
  • Tzong KYS, Han S, Roh A, Ing C. Epidemiology of pediatric surgical admissions in US children: data from the HCUP Kids Inpatient Database. J Neurosurg Anesth 24:391-395, 2012.
  • Byrne MW, Ascherman JA, Casale P, Cowles RA, Gallin PF, Maxwell LG. Elective procedures and anesthesia in children: pediatric surgeons enter the dialogue on neurotoxicity questions, surgical options, and parental concerns. J Neurosurg Anesth 24: 396-400.


  • Workshop “Pediatric Anesthesia-induced Neurotoxicity”, co-sponsored by FDA and Columbia University. May 2, 2008.
  • DiMaggio CJ, Sun LS, Kakavouli A, Li G: Exposure to anesthesia and the risk of developmental and behavioral disorders in young children. Anesthesiology A1415, 2008.
  • “Anesthesia and the Developing Brain”, 29th Postgraduate Assembly of NYSSA. 2009.
  • Sun LS, Byrne M, Forde A, Li G, DiMaggio C, Rauh V, Kakavouli A and the co-investigators of the PANDA Research Network: PANDA Study: Status update. IARS meeting 2010.
  • DiMaggio CJ, Sun LS, and LI G: Early childhood exposure to anesthesia and risk of developmental and behavioral disorders in a birth cohort of 5,824 Twin Pairs. Anesthesiology ISS-A1 2010.
  • Focus Session moderator and speaker: “Anesthesia and the Developing Brain”, 30th Postgraduate Assembly of NYSSA. 2010.
  • “Anesthesia and Neurocognitive Development in the Newborn and Infants”, 30th Postgraduate Assembly of NYSSA. 2010.
  • Sun LS “Update on the Clinical Evidence of Anesthetic Neurotoxicity”, Society of Pediatric Anesthesia. 2011.
  • Sun LS “Neurotoxicity and Anesthesia”, Georgia Society of Anesthesiologists. 2011.
  • Ing C, DiMaggio C, Whitehouse A, Hegarty M, Davidson A, Sun LY. Long-term differences in cognitive and language ability after exposure to surgery and anesthesia in infancy. International Anesthesia Research Society 2011. Abstract
  • Sun LS. Panels Anesthetic Related Neurotoxicity in Young Children: An Update - Prospective Studies: The Holy Grail. American Society of Anesthesiologists. 2012.
  • Sun LS. Panel .SmartTots: Update on new scientific advances in anesthetic neurotoxicity in the developing brain. International Anesthesia Research Society. 2013.